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Education
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Overview
Education is a fundamental human right in accordance with - The "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" that - The UN General Assembly adopted in 1948. Education is - The foundation for fostering human potential that is essential for achieving sustainable development in partner countries.
Education has played a critical role that links all - The items on - The international development agenda such as poverty reduction, health, technology sharing, environment, gender equality, democracy and governance improvement. Fur- Thermore, education allows for - The redistribution of income by expanding - The scope of opportunities.
 
Education realities
According to - The "2011 UNESCO Global Monitoring Report", more than 795 million adults are illiterate, around 17% of - The world's adult population. Women make up nearly two-third of - The total. Sub-Saharan Africa and South and West Asia account for 73% of - The global. Globally, - There were still 67 million children out of children in 2008. More than one-third of - These children lived in low income countries. Being female, poor and living in a country affected by conflict are three of - The most pervasive risk factors for children being out of school.  


<Key Indicators for MDG 2: Illiterate adults>

Regions

Illiterate

World(Total) 795,805
Sub Saharan   167,200
Arab   60,181
Central Asia   362
East Asia & Pacific   105,322
East Asia & Pacific   412,432
Latin America and - The Caribbean   36,056
North America and Western Europe   6,292
Central and Eastern Europe   7,960

(Source: UNESCO GMR 2011)

Key Indicators for MDG 2: Out-of school children 

Regions 

Out-of school children

Change since 1999(%)

World(Total) 67,483 -36
Sub Saharan  28,867 -32
Arab  6,188 -34
Central Asia  322 -11
East Asia & Pacific  7,869 -27
South and West Asia  17,919 -51
Latin America and - The Caribbean  2,946 -21
North America and Western Europe 2,224 55
Central and Eastern Europe 1,148

-32

(Source: UNESCO GMR 2011)
To assist in achieving - The MDGs related to universal primary education, gender equality in education and youth employment, KOICA has concentrated on primary education and vocational training. KOICA has contributed to quality primary education for all school-aged children(Goal 2), ensuring gender equality in primary and secondary education(Goal 3). In addition to that, KOICA strategically identifies partner countries' potential to lead poverty reduction and economic growth. In order for realization of development potential, KOICA has assisted in technical vocational training and education to produce skilled work forces to increase low productivity in - The selected areas(Goal 1).
 
- The main sectoral strategy of education is as follows. Firstly, KOICA has assisted in increasing access by building primary and secondary school, a vocational training center, a faculty(college) of a university. Secondly, KOICA has assisted in improving quality and relevance by developing curriculum & textbook, training teachers. Thirdly, KOICA has assisted in improving management system by consulting educational policies and introducing national qualifications system.
KOICA is planned to disburse US$ 60.22 million, around 17.5% of - The total budget in 2011. - The two largest partner regions are Asia and Africa, representing 43% and 22% of KOICA’s educational disbursement respectively.

<Sectoral disbursement in education>
Sub-sectors

Disbursement (US$ in Million)

%

Primary  17.83 29.6
Secondary(TVET)  29.20  48.5
Higher  7.18  11.9
Not specified 6.01  10.0
  60.22  100

(Source : KOICA Document)

<Regional disbursement in education>

Regions

Disbursement (US$ in Million)

%

Asia & Pacific  23.57 39
Africa   11.95  20
Middle East   10.19  17
Latin American and Caribbean   6.64  11
CIS   2.76  4.5
Not specified  5.11  8.5
  60.22  100

(Source : KOICA Document)

Education Projects in 2011(Unit : US$ Million) 
Increase of Basic Education Access
- The Project for - The Construction of Elementary Schools in Adamawa and Gombe States  (‘10~’11/280M)
- The Project for Publishing Tetum Textbooks and Teacher's Guides for Basic and Secondary Schools
  in Timor Leste  ('10-'12/400M)
- The 2nd Project for Developing and Publishing Textbooks for Upper Secondary Schools in Lao PDR 
  ('10-'11/100M)
- The Project for the Rehabilitation of Schools in Ampara, Batticaloa Districts in Sri Lanka   ('10-'11/200M)
- The Project for tThe Construction of Schools in Kilinochi Area in Sri Lanka  (‘11~’14/500M)
- The Integrated Quality Education Project in Ghana (‘08-’11/300M)
- The Project for Construction of A Model Primary School in Akaki Kaliti Sub-city, Addis Ababa  ('10-'11/200M)
- The Project for Construction of Secondary School in Adwa City  ('11~'12/300M)
- The Project for Modernization of the Education for Women at the Girls' Village, Guatemala City  
  ('10-'11/100M)
- The Project to Streng then the Education Sector in Municipality of San Juan Cotzal Department,
  Quiche  ('10-'11/178M)
- Construction and Rehabilitation of Special Education Schools in San Jacinto, El Salvador  (‘10-’12/230M)
- The Project Assisting the Social Inclusion of Vulnerable Youth in Ahuachapan, El Salvador  ('11-'13/235M)
- The Project Assisting the Social Inclusion of Vulnerable Children and Youth in Alto Parana  (‘11~’13/200M)
- The Project for the improvement of facilities for six(6) schools in Baghdad, Iraq  (‘10~’11/650M)
- The Project for Establishment of Model School in Sulaimaniyah, Iraq  (‘09-’12/600M)
- The Project for the Establishment of Primary School in Kasnazan, Arbil  (‘10~’11/250M)
- The Project for the Establishment of Primary School in Dohuc, KRG  (‘11~’13/550M)
- The Project for the Establishment of Educational Facilities in Hebron  (‘09~’11/600M)
Training of Skilled Workers
- The Establishment of Vocational Training Center in Butwal    (08-’11/568M)
- The Project for the Establishment of Automobile Training Center for Industrial Development  
  ('10-'12/300M)
- The Project for the Establishment of Vocational Training Center in Chittagong, Bangladesh  (‘11~’13/480M)
- The Project of  the Introduction of National Skill Qualification System in Vietnam  
  ('10-'12/150M)
- The Project of the Improvement of Vocational Training Center in Guangxi Province, Vietnam 
  ('11~’13/470M)
- The Project for the Rehabilitation of Accra Technical Training Center in Ghana  ('10~’11/200M)
- The Project for Establishment of Nigeria Korea Friendship Institute of Vocational and Advanced
  Technology  ('10~’12/300M)
- The Project for the Establishment of Kicukiro Technical Training Centre within - The IPRC-Kigali 
  ('10~’11/250M)
- The Project for the Establishment of the Training Institute for the Automobile Industry
  in Casablanca  ('10~’13/600M)
- The Project for the Establishment of the Educational Centre for Teacher Training and Vocational
  Training   ('09-'12/324M)
- The Project for the establishment of vocational training center  ('11~’13/400M)
- The Project for the Improvement fo the Automotive Vocational  Training System  ('08-'12/500M)
- The Establishment of Technical Training Center in SPS, Honduras  ('10-’12/400M)
- The Establishment of Vocational Training Center in Asuncion  ('10-'12/500M)
- The Project of the Establishment of Vocational Training Center in Parwan State
  ('08-’11/1,452M)
- Reconstruction Education in Parwan State the Project for Capacity Building of Vocational Training in
  Zarqa and Maan  ('10-'12/500M)
- The Project for the Development of the Vocational Training Capacity in Uzbekistan  ('07-'12/400M)
- The Project of the Establishment of Vocational Training Center in South 4 States  ('11~’13/800M)
- The Project For the Establishment of Garment Technology Training Centre in Karachi  ('08~’11/250M)
- The Project of the Establishment of ICT Center in Islamabad  ('10-'12/500M)
- The Project for Establishment of Kufr Ni'ma Secondary Industrial School  ('10-’12/370M)
- The Project for Establishment of ICT Vocational Training Center in PalestineRamallah
  Techno Park  ('11~’13/500M)
Fostering of advanced human resources
- The Project for Establishment of Technical Traning Center in Kathmandu, Nepal  ('11~’14/350M)
- Streng thening CLMV capacity for ASEAN-ROK Cyber University  ('10~’12/393M)
- The Project for Establishment of Human Resources Development Center in Cambodia  ('10-14/745M)
- The Project for the Capacity Building of Korea-Mongolia Technical College in Ulaanbaatar  ('10-'12/500M)
- The Project for the Capacity Building of Open University e-Learning in Bangladesh  ('11~’12/270M)
- The Project for Establishment of Human Resources Development Center in - The Philippines  
  ('10-'14/750M)
- The Project for the Establishment of the School of ICT at the  National University of Rwanda
  (Butare)  ('08-’11/400M)