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Through cooperation in the environmental sector, KOICA aims to strengthen the partner countries capacity to deal with environmental pollution and promote their sustainable development. This sectoral priority is multi-sectoral which includes waste treatment, toxic chemical management, sewage treatment, air pollution reduction, establishment of an environmental
impact assessment systems, prevention of yellow dust storms, desertification, sea pollution, global warming, and the protection of ecosystems. Furthermore, KOICA cooperates to improve the legal systems of partner countries, expand environmental management facilities, Improve human resources capacity, and raise awareness on the importance of the environment.

Generally, environmental challenges faced by less developed countries originate from the vicious cycle of poverty. These problems are aggravated by rapid industrialization and the inability to treat pollutants. In order to restore the environment, both donor countries and recipient countries need to increase their interest and support for environmental protection.

International concern for the environment was manifested in Agenda 21 which was adopted at the Rio Conference in 1992, and in the Johannesburg Declaration which was announced at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in 2002. The MDGs also emphasize active measures for environmental protection and highlights its relevance to poverty reduction.

For this reason, KOICA supports sustainable development that takes economic, social and environmental interests into account. KOICA is launching various cooperation projects to join with international efforts to fulfill Goal 7 of the MDGs, which urges the international community to encourage development in a sustainable manner.

Some major projects aim to enhance partner countries capacity for pollution control such as "Strengthening air Monitoring capacity in Tunisia" and to strengthen their capacity for environmental preservation such as "Integrated Forest Management & Demonstration in Beijing, China," "Development of Seed Sources and Nursery Technology in Indonesia." "The Extended Establishment of a Korea-China Joint Monitoring Network for Sand and Dust Storms." and The Greening of the Dry Zone of Central Myanmar"." among others KOICA will continue to work with international organizations and regional environmental agencies to curb the environmental pollution that is caused by economic development and industrialization, prevent desertification, and preserve tropical rain forests.

KOICA's Strategy

With regard to the environment sector, KOICA aims to help partner countries achieve  sound, meet the MDG targets. In short, KOICA establishes transportation infrastructure, improves systems through which energy can be generated more efficiently, and develops the capacity for land management.

In consideration of the different development contexts, and national development policies of each partner country, KOICA provides combined forms of cooperation to maximize the impact of its aid program.

KOICA disbursed US$ million or KOICA's total budget for projects related to the environment and other sectors. Aside from Iraq, Asian countries took the majority of the assistance in this sector, with 17.8% of the total sectoral assistance. The top five partners in this sector were China, Indonesia, Iraq, Vietnam, and Cambodia, receiving 14.1% of the environmental assistance or 2.0% of KOICA's total budget.
Analysis of the top 2 partner regions in environment & gender
Top 5 partner countries in environment & gender (Unit : US$ in thousands)
Rank Country Amount Percentage(%)
Of KOICA’s total budget Of KOICA’s budget for the region
1 China 1,407 0.7 4.51
2 Indonesia 1,005 0.5 3.22
3 Iraq 655 0.3 3.23
4 Vietnam 513 0.3 1.64
5 Cambodia 471 0.2 1.51
Total 4,051 2.0 14.11
Major Projects in 2008
Strengthening of the Capacity to Control Environment Pollutants
- The Project for Establishment of Vietnam Environmental Training Center
   (US$1.5million / from 2007 to 2010)
- Integrated Management of Mercury in Egypt (US$3.0million / from 2007 to 2010)
- Capacity Reinforcement for Atmospheric Monitoring and Assessment in Tunisia
   (US$2.5million / from 2008 to 2010)
Enhancement of the Capacity to Preserve the Environment
- The Project for the Greening of the Dry Zone of Central Myanmar (III)
   (US$1.5million / from 2008 to 2010)
- The Project of Forest Tree Seed Sources Management and Development in Indonesia
   (US$2.4million / from 2008 to 2010)
- Ulanbuhe Desert Control Project in Bayannur, Inner Mongolia Autonomus Region, China
   (US$1.0million / from 2008 to 2010)