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Health
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Overview
With the development of the global partnership for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), we were able to obtain some positive results. According to WHO Fact Sheet No. 290, entitled, “Millennium Development Goals: progress towards the health-related Millennium Development Goals" published in 2011 : 
Fewer children are dying. Annual global deaths of children under five years of age fell to 8.1 million in 2009 from 12.4 million in 1990.
Fewer children are underweight. The percentage of underweight children under five years old is estimated to have dropped from 25% in 1990 to 16% in 2010.
More women get skilled help during childbirth. The proportion of births attended by a skilled health worker has increased globally; however, in the WHO Africa and Southeast Asia regions fewer than 50% of all births were attended.
Fewer people are contracting HIV. New HIV infections have declined by 17% globally from 2001ㆍ2009.
Tuberculosis treatment is more successful. Existing cases of TB are declining, along with deaths among HIV-negative TB cases.
More people have safe drinking-water, but not enough have toilets. The world is on track to achieve the MDG target on access to safe drinking-water but more needs to be done to achieve the sanitation target.
At the global level, various movements are taking place to help accomplish the health-related MDGs.
 
Improvement of Maternal and Child Health
- Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health
The Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health is a funding initiative announced at the 36th G8 summit which commits member nations to collectively spend an additional $5 billion between 2010 and 2015 to accelerate progress toward the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5, the reduction of maternal, infant and child mortality in developing countries.
  - Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health
At the 2010 UN MDG Summit, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and Heads of State and Government, along with the private sector, foundations, international organizations, civil society and research organizations, kicked off a major concerted worldwide effort to accelerate progress on women’s and children’s health. With pledges of $40 billion over the next five years, the Global Strategy for Women’s and Children’s Health has the potential of saving the lives of more than 16 million women and children, preventing 33 million unwanted pregnancies, protecting 120 million children from pneumonia and 88 million children from stunting, advancing the control of deadly diseases such as malaria and HIV/AIDS, and ensuring access for women and children to quality facilities and skilled health workers.
Health System Approach
  A good health system delivers quality services to all people, when and where they need them. The exact configuration of services varies from country to country, but in all cases requires a robust financing mechanism; a well-trained and adequately paid workforce; reliable information on which to base decisions and policies; well maintained facilities and logistics to deliver quality medicines and technologies
International Health Partnership
  The International Health Partnership and Related Initiatives provide an important toolkit for development co-operation, providing a framework for agreement with partner countries to provide sustained support for integrated cross-sector programs of action committing both donor and recipient countries to working together and monitoring the achievement of agreed targets in relation to one agreed national health plan. IHP Related Initiatives: The "+" symbol attached to the IHP signals the bringing together of a range of other initiatives which were established at around the same time as the IHP, and all of which aim to accelerate the achievement of the health related MDGs in line with the Paris Declaration.
 

Vision 

KOICA will contribute to sustainable development through healthy lives of developing countries 

Target Group 

Women and children

Goal

KOICA will contribute to developing countries so that they will be able to provide essential health services to vulnerable people  

Strategic Objective

Strengthening of Human Resources

ㆍWorkforce Education in Health Policies
ㆍEducation for Medical Experts
ㆍEducation for Basic Health Workers

Support for Health Regulations

ㆍStrengthening of Health Insurance and Financial Capacity
ㆍStrengthening of Health Information Systems
ㆍImprovement of Health Policies

Improvement of Access to Health Services

ㆍImprovement of the Delivery of Essential Health Programs
ㆍStrengthening of Primary Health Programs and Health Delivery Systems

Improvement of Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning

ㆍImprovement of Family Planning and Reproductive Health
ㆍImprovement of Pregnancy and Labor Management
ㆍImprovement of Child Health
ㆍImprovement of Maternal and Child Nutrition

Prevention and Strengthening of the Management of Communicable Diseases

ㆍPrevention and Management of Neglected Tropical Diseases
ㆍManagement of Tuberculosi
ㆍPrevention of HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Communicable Diseases

   
Performance in 2006
In 2010, approximately USD 78 million or 17.1% of the total project was administered by the Health Department. Asia and South America were the first and second partner regions, accounting for 51% and 19% of the total health assistance, respectively.

Subsectoral Disbursement in Health 2011

Sub-sectors

Disbursement
(USD in million)

%

Improvement of Access to Health Services  35.54  71%
Support for Health Regulations  1.68  3%
Improvement of Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning  2.73  5%
Prevention and Strengthening of the Management of Communicable Diseases  3.12  6%
Provision of Safe Water  7.14  14%
TOTAL  50.21  
(Source: KOICA Document)

Regional Disbursement in Health 2011 

Regions

Disbursement
(USD in million)

%

Asia & Pacific 29.97 59%
Africa 8.35 16%
Middle East 4.24 8%
Latin America and Caribbean 8.21 16%
CIS 0.26 1%
TOTAL  51.04  100%
Health Projects in 2011 (Unit: M = USD in million)
Improvement of Access to Health Services
  - Project for the Establishment of the Lao-Korea National Children’s Hospital in Laos ('09-'11/3.5 M)
- Project for the Establishment of a Central General Hospital in Quang Nam Province in Vietnam
  ('06-'12/35.0 M)
- Project for Strengthening Siem Reap Provincial Hospital Services in Cambodia   ('10-'12/3.3 M)
- Project for Medical Assistance and Vocational Training in Parwan Province, Afghanistan ('08-'11/39.9 M)
- Project for Strengthening Vatei Provincial Hospital Services in Cambodia
  ('11-'13/3.5 M)
- Project for the Establishment of the Preah Ang Duong Eye Hospital Referral Center in Cambodia
  ('11-'13/5.0 M)
- Project for Improvement of the National Medico-Surgical Emergency Center in Cameroon ('10-'12/3.0 M)
- Project for Capacity Building for Diagnostic Service Improvement of Health Centers in Dar es Salaam
  ('08-'11/4.5 M)
- Project for the Improvement of the Health System in Oruro, Bolivia ('10-'16/10.0 M)
- Project for the Improvement of Basic Health in Choco, Colombia ('09-'11/2.0 M)
- Project for the Establishment of the Korea-Colombia Rehabilitation Center in Colombia ('07-'12/11.5 M)
- Project for Construction of a General Hospital in San Pedro in Paraguay ('09-'11/4.7M)
- Project for the Establishment of a Dental Clinic at the Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco,
  Peru ('10-'12/2.0 M)
- Project for Strengthening the Comas Maternal-Child Health Center in Peru
  ('11-'12/2.0 M)
- Project for Establishment of a Mobile Clinic in Basra, Iraq ('10-'11/3.0 M)
- Project for Strengthening the Primary Health Care in Jenin, Palestine ('09-'11/3.0 M)
- Project for Establishment of a Hospital in Lima, Peru ('11-'13/5.7M)
Improvement of Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning
  - Project for Home-based Maternal & Newborn Care Interventions to Accelerate Progress Toward Achieving
  MDG-4 in Bangladesh ('10-'13/2.0 M)
- Project for Routine Immunization Strengthening in the DRC ('10-'12/2.0 M)
- Project for Family Planning & Maternal-Child Health Care (2nd) in Arsi, Ethiopia ('11-'13/2.0 M)
- Project for Capacity Building for Maternal & Child Health in Guatemala ('10-'12/1.5 M)
- Project for Preventing Teenage Pregnancy and Improving Sexual and Reproductive Health Care for Young
  Women in the Dominican Republic ('08-'11/1.3 M)
- Project for the Improvement of the Health Environment for Maternal & Child Health in Huehuetenango in
  Guatemala ('11-'15/2.7M)
Prevention and Strengthening of the Management of Communicable Diseases
  - Project for the Quality Improvement of Medical Care Rendering to Patients with Infectious Diseases
  ('09-'11/3.0 M)
- Project for Improving Public Health and Tuberculosis Control in Cavite, Philippines ('10-'12/3.0 M)
- Project for the Development of the Lung Center of the Philippines as the National Referral Center for
  MDR-TB ('08-'11/2.9 M)
- Project for Capacity Building for Communicable Disease Centers in Myanmar ('11-'14/3.0 M)
- Project for Waterborne Disease Control in Volta Region in Ghana ('11-'13/4.0 M)
- Project for Tuberculosis Prevention & Control in Addis Ababa in Ethiopia ('11-'13/2.8 M)
- Project for Fistula Prevention and Management in the Center, North and West Regions of Cote d'Ivoire
   ('10-'12/1.7M)  
Support for Health Regulations
  - Project for the Development of Community-Based Health Insurance to Support the National Initiative of
  the Government of Nepal to Achieve Universal Coverage for Essential Health Care in Nepal
  ('10-'11/1.0 M)
- Project for Strengthening the District Health System in Papua New Guinea ('10-'13/5.5 M)
- Project for the Improvement of the Health Environment in Ticaful, Nepal ('11-'14/5.5 M)
- Project for Health Insurance Regulation in Vietnam (0.8 M/'11-'13)
Provision of Safe Water
  - Project for Drinking Water Supply by Desalination Using a Photovoltaic Power Plant in East Timor
  ('10-'12/6.0 M)
- Project for Small Town Water Supply and Sanitation in Xebangfay, Khammouane Province, Laos
  ('10-'11/2.0 M)
- Project for a Multipurpose Rainwater Management System for Climate Change Adaptation in Myanmar
  ('10-'12/0.6 M)
- Project for the Improvement of Water Supply Systems in Senegal ('10-'12/5.5 M)
- Project for Drinking Water Development in Awendo in Kenya ('10-'12/3.0 M)
- Project for the Improvement of Water Supply Systems in Guarayos, Bolivia ('10-'12/3.5 M)
- Project for the Improvement of Water Supply Systems in Huehuetenango, Guatemala ('11-'13/1.1 M)
- Project for the Construction of a Grit Chamber in Erbil, Iraq ('09-'11/3.5 M)