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With the development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), the importance of the digital economy has increased. Nevertheless, the social and economic divide between those who have access to new technologies and those who do not has widened. As the international community came to understand that narrowing the digital divide should be a
significant part of any development cooperation initiative, donors have started to make efforts to support ICT in developing countries.

In 2005, the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) included the ICT sector in its statistical data, and major donor countries started to actively incorporate ICT into their projects. A vast majority of DAC members agreed that ICT was an effective tool to alleviate poverty, and thus recommended donors to integrate ICT in all cooperation programs, such as education, agriculture, health, budget management, and gender equality.

KOICA implements projects related to "e-government" to promote the administrative efficiency and transparency of developing partner governments. Since narrowing the digital divide in a knowledge-based society expedites poverty alleviation and promotes sustainable economic development, KOICA has made continuous efforts to reduce the digital divide and facilitate economic development.

KOICA's ICT cooperation focuses on ① fostering ICT human resources by strengthening ICT education infrastructure, and enhancing ICT education capacity ② implementing e-government initiatives such as drawing up ICT master plans, and building infrastructure and systems, and ③ expanding ICT usage by launching internet phone networks, remote medical treatment, computerized libraries, Through these assistance programs, KOICA is striving to achieve Target 18 of MDG 8, which aims to create global partnerships for development and make the benefits of new technologies available to the developing world.

In 2012, KOICA spent US$ 60.6 million or 23.6% of KOICA's total project budget on ICT cooperation. The two largest beneficiary regions were Asia and the Middle East, which took 52.5% and 17.7% of the ICT assistance budget respectively. The top five partners were Iraq, Jordan, Peru, Tanzania and Bangladesh accounting for 46.7% of the ICT budget or 6.2% of KOICA's entire project budget.
Regional Disbursement of ICT Funding (2012)
Analysis of the top 2 partner regions in ICT
Top 5 partner countries in the ICT Sector (2012)
Rank Country Amount Percentage(%)
Of KOICA’s total budget Of KOICA’s budget for the region
1 Iraq 5,116 2.6 20.1


2,429 1.3 9.6


1,515 0.8 6.0


1,465 0.8 5.8


1,322 0.7 5.2
Total 11,847 6.2 46.7
Major Projects in 2014

- The Project for Modernizing customs administration in Tanzania’s tax office
   (US$ 3.3 million / from 2010 to 2012)
- The Project for Establishing an ICT center in Islamabad, Pakistan
   (US$ 5.0 million / from 2010 to 2012)
- The Project for Establishing a pilot e-procurement system for the Tunisian Government
   (US$ 5.7 million / from 2011 to 2013)
- The Project for Building an ICT security R&D center in Indonesia
   (US$ 5.5 million / from 2011 to 2013)
- The Project for Establishing an integrated information system for the Vietnam Competition Authority
   (US$ 1.5 million / from 2011 to 2014)
- The Project for Establishing the medical information system in Iraq
   (US$ 3.0 million / from 2012 to 2014)
- The Project for Establishing the medical information system in Iraq
   (US$ 3.0 million / from 2012 to 2014)
- The Project for Strengthening capacity of Bangladesh’s cyber crime investigation
   (US$ 3.0 million / from 2012 to 2015)