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Industry/Energy
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Overview
Due to population growth and economic development through industrial infrastructure, developing countries have become increasingly dependent on energy. However, the facilities and technology necessary for further industrial development and energy security are out of reach, due to serious financial constraints. In particular, of the 160 million people in the world deprived of
electricity, 80% of them are poor peasants living in rural areas.

Assistance for industry and energy is crucial if the international community wants to achieve the MDG targets for the eradication of extreme poverty. The OECD/DAC has confirmed the impact of infrastructure in achieving the MDGs in the "Guiding Principles on Using Infrastructure to Reduce Poverty.”

· The development of transportation infrastructure will lower the costs of transporting goods, promote re-investment of production, enhance market accessibility, and create work opportunities. This will facilitate poverty alleviation, reduce regional gaps, and promote sustainable economic development.

· In addition, the availability of safe roads will encourage school attendance and invite qualified teachers, who in turn will help reach the goal of making primary education possible for all children. Furthermore, it will give greater access to hospitals and medical facilities, thus promoting maternal health and lowering infant mortality.

The development of industry and energy will provide energy to poverty-stricken areas, which will reduce the time needed to do household chores and allow children to spend more time at school.

KOICA's Strategy

With regard to the industry and energy sector, KOICA aims to help partner countries achieve economic development, meet the MDG targets. In short, KOICA establishes transportation infrastructure, improves systems through which energy can be generated more efficiently, and develops the capacity for land management.

In consideration of different development contexts, features, and national development policies of each partner country, KOICA provides combined forms of cooperation to maximize the impact of its aid program.

· KOICA helped partner countries such as Cambodia and Uzbekistan to develop effective land development plans and overcome the lack of land information by establishing survey control points and national geographic information systems to gather basic data.

· For Vietnam and Indonesia, which are in the beginning stages of land development, cooperation was directed toward expanding transportation infrastructure, securing adequate electricity supplies, and building energy infrastructure such as dams and electrical power systems.

· For island countries such as the Philippines, KOICA implemented airport projects; and for land-locked countries, it implemented railway construction projects.

KOICA utilizes many types of assistance such as development studies, project aid, training, and the dispatch of experts in order to comprehensively support the industry and energy sector, and to strengthen the capacity of partner countries.

 
KOICA disbursed 12.1% of total project aid or USD 32.6 million to the industry & energy sector. Middle East countries represented 40.4%, followed by Asia with 39.8%. Major beneficiaries were Iraq, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines and Cambodia. These five countries accounted for 8.5% of the project budget and 70.9% of the industry and energy budget.
Regional Distribution of  Industry & Energy Funding
Major Projects in 2007
Feasibility study for the improvement of the electric distribution system in three cities and the establishment of a distribution automation system (DAS) pilot project in Semarang, Indonesia (USD 1 million/ from 2006 to 2007)
The master plan for the distribution system improvement and the Automatic Meter Reading System (AMR) pilot project in Paraguay (USD 1.5 million/ from 2007 to 2009)
Montenegro Tivat Airport Modernization Project (USD 1 million/ from 2007 to 2008)
The Project for Busuanga (Coron) Airport Development in the Philippines (USD 3 million/ from 2006 to 2008)
Feasibility Study on Riverbank Protection and Construction of Riverside Park along the Mekong River in Vientiane, Lao PDR (USD 0.8 million/ from 2006 to 2007)
Development Study on the Power System Operation and Protection Scheme in Myanmar (USD 1.4 million/ from 2006 to 2008)
The Feasibility Study on Construction and Improvement of Selected National Roads in the Philippines (USD 1 million/ from 2006 to 2007)
The Feasibility Study for Building and Electrifying the new 1,435mm Double Track gauge from Sai Gon to Na Trang on the North-South Trunk Line in Vietnam (USD 0.9 million/ from 2005 to 2007)
The Feasibility Study for Building and Electrifying the New 1,435mm Double Track gauge from Hanoi to Vinh on the North-South Trunk Line in Vietnam (USD 1.2 million/ from 2006 to 2008)
The Feasibility Studies for the Mater Development Plan of the Diosdado Macapagal international Airport in the Clark Freeport Zone, the Philippines (USD 2 million/ from 2007 to 2008)
Project for the Improvement of the District Heating and Water Supply System of Ulaanbaatar in Mongolia (USD 5 million/ from 2007 to 2009)
Feasibility Study and Basic Design to Establish the Information and Coordination Center (ICC) for WAPP (USD 2.5 million/ from 2007 to 2009)
Feasibility Study for the Thailand-Myanmar Railway Link of the Singapore-Kunming Rail Link Project in CLMV (USD 1.2 million/ from 2004 to 2007)
Establishment of a Master Plan for Tourism Promotion and Development in Kazakhstan (USD 1 million/ from 2007 to 2008)
Establishment of the Detailed Master Plan of HaiPhong New Town Development in Vietnam (USD 4 million/ from 2007 to 2009)
Feasibility Studies and Detailed Design on the Improvement of Malinao Dam, Bohol Province, the Philippines (USD 1 million/ from 2007 to 2008)
The Project for Bathey Flood Control in Cambodia (USD 2 million/ from 2007 to 2008)
The project for the Construction of Storm Water Drainage at Valachchenai in Sri Lanka (USD 3.9 million/from 2006 to 2008)
Capacity Buildup of Central Standardization and Quality Control Board in Baghdad, Iraq (USD 3 million/from 2006 to 2007)
Modernization of the Quality Control Laboratory in Erbil, Iraq (USD 3 million/ from 2006 to 2007)
Construction of a Mini Hydro Power Plant in Bekhal, Erbil, Iraq (USD 9 million/ from 2007 to 2009)