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Health

 

Overview 

Poverty hinders access to safe drinking water, vaccinations, and health management and poses as a threat to especially the socially underprivileged, including women and children in poverty. Furthermore, a rise in social goods that are consumed for treatment of relevant diseases increases poverty; this results in the growing importance of health in development. In line with this, development in the field of health has direct relevance with Millennium Development Goal 4 (reducing child mortality rates), 5 (improving maternal health), and 6 (combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases). KOICA seeks to actively take part in the global effort to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly those that are related to improving the health of the underprivileged, including mothers and children, in developing countries and other essential health areas as well as participate in the efforts to develop the post-2015 agenda. To this end, KOICA strives to promote the healthy lives of the citizens in partner countries, thereby contributing to the reduction of poverty 

Vision

To contribute to the sustained development of partner countries by promoting the healthy lives of residents

 

High-level objective

To strengthen the competencies of partner countries so that they can independently provide health and medical services which is essential for supporting the underprivileged by strengthening the health and medical systems.

 

Strategic Objectives

Strengthen personnel and institutional competencies in health and medical services

Increase access to health and medical services

Improve maternal and child health and family planning

Strengthen prevention and management of transmittable diseases

Key Programs

Foster Experts (national policy personnel, medical professionals, basic health personnel)

Increase demand for essential services

Disseminate family planning (reproductive health

Prevent and manage neglected tropical diseases

Strengthen the financial system for medical insurance

Strengthen the health and medical information systems

Strengthen delivery of basic services

Improve management of pregnancy and childbirth

Manage tuberculosis

Strengthen health and medical policy-related competencies

Improve child health

Manage HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other transmittable diseases

 

 

 

Select and concentrate on specific areas

Promote effectiveness

Strengthen partnerships

Approach

Support programs with focus on the Country Partnership Strategy (CPS)

 

Strengthen monitoring and evaluation systems

 

Realize participatory development and cooperation

 

Strengthen support for the underprivileged

 

Apply programs per development phase of partner countries

 

Strengthen harmony in local assistance

 

Develop and implement programs with a comparative advantage

 

 

 

  

Strategy 

 

KOICA is providing support in the area of health with a focus on improving the health of the underprivileged, including women and children, offering essential health and medical services, and strengthening relevant competencies in developing countries. For this purpose, KOICA formulated the “KOICA Mid-Term Strategy on Health (2011-2015),” and defined its major strategic objectives: to strengthen personnel and institutional competencies in health and medical service, increase access to health and medical services, improve maternal and child health and family planning, and improve the prevention and management of transmittable diseases. KOICA is executing a wide array of relevant programs, including those on: strengthening the competencies of health policies and professional medical personnel, improving health and medical information systems and financial systems for medical insurance, increasing access to health services, managing family planning, pregnancy, and childbirth, improving child health, and managing transmittable diseases such as tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, and malaria.

 

1. Strengthen personnel and institutional competencies in health and medical service

 

The biggest barrier encountered when executing health programs in developing countries is the shortage of health and medical personnel and systems. KOICA is supporting the strengthening of personnel and institutional competencies in health and medical service to increase residents’ access to skilled health experts in partner countries and comprehensively strengthen national health and medical service systems.

(1) Foster health and medical service experts

 Develop national policy experts, medical professionals, and basic health and medical service personnel.

(2) Strengthen financial systems for medical insurance

Conduct feasibility studies on adopting medical insurance, develop medical insurance manuals, provide technical advice on formulating policies, and strengthen policy management competencies.

(3) Strengthen health and medical information systems

Secure basic statistical materials, support the establishment of national integrated health information systems, and build hospital information systems.

(4) Strengthen health and medical policy-related competencies

Build national health policy planning and management systems, establish relevant research institutes, and have health experts provide technical advice. 

2. Increase access to health and medical services 

Increasing access to health and medical services is one of the six components of the health and medical system set forth by the WHO. It is an important approach to executing assistance programs in relation to health. KOICA is supporting the provision of comprehensive health and medical services that are based on local community demands rather than simply establishing relevant infrastructure. By doing so, KOICA aims to enhance accessibility to quality health and medical services.

(1) Promote demand for essential health and medical services

Provide basic hygiene education to local residents (washing hands, safe drinking water management, etc.), provide education on essential health and medical services (childbirth management, vaccinations, nutrition management, caring for newborns, etc.), and engage in media-based PR.

(2) Strengthen the delivery system for basic health services and medical serviceses

Build primary health and medical service facilities at the regional level, improve existing facilities and infrastructures, provide equipment, and strengthen other health management competencies of local communities. 

3. Improve maternal and child health and family planning 

Improvements in family planning and reproductive health are critical factors in improving population health. They especially contribute substantially to enhancing the quality of lives of women of childbearing age. KOICA is carrying out local community-based maternal and child health and reproductive health programs that are designed to increase access to services. These programs are mainly executed in developing countries where there are high maternal and infant mortality rates.

(1) Disseminate family planning and improve reproductive health

Provide counseling on family planning and relevant services, provide education on birth control methods and contraceptive surgery, support the reduction of maternal mortality rates that are caused by unsafe abortions, and provide sex education to teenagers.

(2) Improve pregnancy and childbirth management

Increase use of medical facilities for childbirth and access to skilled maternity nurses, strengthen the competencies of medical facilities, establish emergency response systems, and increase the percentage of beneficiaries of prenatal and postnatal care.

(3) Improve child health

Increase the percentage of beneficiaries of Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI) and the percentage of people receiving mandatory vaccinations (e.g., projects for providing vaccines and encouraging people to receive vaccinations).

(4) Enhance the nutrition level of pregnant women and children

Provide support so that pregnant women and children have essential nutrients, including iodine, zinc, and vitamin A, and promote programs to provide support concerning nutrition at schools. 

4. Strengthen prevention and management of transmittable diseases 

Transmittable diseases, such as neglected tropical diseases, tuberculosis, malaria, and HIV/AIDS, are a direct cause of the vicious cycle of disease and poverty in developing countries. As such, there is a need for international support regarding the urgent resolution of this issue. KOICA is providing support for active prevention and management of diseases that are mainly prevalent in the poverty class and cause significant economic and social burden on partner countries.

(1) Prevent and manage neglected tropical disease

Strengthen competencies in diagnosing parasites and provide treatments, engage in educational and PR activities to raise awareness among local residents, and improve living environments.

(2) Manage tuberculosis

Provide support for diagnosis and treatment (equipment and pharmaceuticals) based on the Directly Observed Therapy Short- Course (DOTS) and provide technical support for tuberculosis management (patient reporting scheme, technical advice, etc.).

(3) Prevent and manage HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other transmittable diseases

Support the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV/AIDS, provide support to reduce malaria incidences and mortality rates, and support the establishment of a national transmittable disease management scheme. 

 

Major projects in 2015 

Country

Projects

Afghanistan

-The Project for Reconstruction of an Ward and ICU of the Ibn-e Sena Emergency Hospital in Kabul, Afghanistan ('14-'17/ US$ 15 million)

 

-The Project for Improvement of Drinking Water and Sanitation System in Kabul, Afghanistan ('14-'16/ US$ 6.5 million)

 

-The Project for Medical Assistance of Parwan Province, Afghanistan ('08-'16)

 

Bangladesh

-Improving Effective Coverage of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Interventions for Reducing Preventable Child Death ('15-'18/ US$ 8 million)

 

-The Project for Eye Health Promotion and the Prevention of Blindness in Bangladesh

('14-'20/ US$ 8.45 million)

 

-Establishment of Graduate Nursing University in Bangladesh ('12-'18/ US$ 13.75 million)

Bolivia

-Improvement of Health System in Beni ('14-'20/ US$ 15 million)

 

-Improvement of the Accessibility to the Health Service and the Quality of Life of the El Alto Residents through Strengthening the Heal Service Delivery System ('13-'16/ US$ 8.4 million)

 

-Improvement of the Health System in Oruro, Bolivia ('10-'18/ US$ 11.38 million)

Cambodia

-Cambodia Health Sector Support Program (HSSP) ('14-'15/ US$ 5 million)

 

-The Project to Improve Child Care Medical Center at National Pediatric Hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia ('13-'16/ US$ 5 million)

 

-The Project for Strengthening Capacity of Batheay Referral Hospital in Batheay District, Kampong Cham Province ('11-'15/ US$ 3.5 million)

Colombia

-The Project for the Establishment of an Integral Rehabilitation Center for Colombia

('07-'15/ US$ 11.5 million)

Cote d‘Ivoire

- Potable Water and Sanitation Project in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire ('14-'15/ US$ 3 million)

 

-Social Connections to the Water Supply Network for the Citizens of Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire ('14-'15/ US$ 3 million)

 

-Support to Fistula Prevention and Management in the Center, North and West regions of Cote d‘Ivoire ('10-'15/ US$ 1.7 million)

DR Congo

 

-The Project for Strengthening Health Competency of Kwango District for Improving Maternal and Child Health in DRC ('13-'16/US$ 6 million)

 

-The Project for the Improvement of Water and Sanitation in Idiofa, DRC

('12-'16/US$ 4 million)

 

-Malaria Prevention and Control in 5 Health Zones of Bandundu Province, DRC

('12-'15/US$ 4 million)

East Timor

-The Project for Improving the Maternal Health in Ainaro Region in Partnership with the Timor-Leste Ministry of Health ('15-'18/ US$ 4.2 million)

 

-WFP Maternal and Child Nutrition and Health Project ('15-'17/ US$ 3.6 million)

 

-The Project for Capacity Building on Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Management in Timor-leste ('13-'16/ US$ 2.1 million)

Ecuador

-The Project for the Establishment of Healthcare Center in Guayas, Ecuador

('14-'17/ US$ 5 million)

El Salvador

-The Project for the Construction of the Community Unit of Family Health, Soyapango,

El Salvador ('13-'16/ US$ 3 million)

Ethiopia

-Ethiopia Oromia Province Community Based Maternal and Child Health Project

('15-'19/ US$ 7.5 million)

 

-The Basic Design Study(BDS) for National IEC(Information, Educaiton, Communication)/BCC(Behavioral Change Communication) and Advocacy to Promote "Small, Happy and Prosperous Family" in Ethiopia ('13-'17/ US$ 6.5 million)

 

Ghana

-The Project for Improving the Maternal and Child Health Care in the Volta region, Ghana

('13-'17/US$ 6 million)

Guatemala

-The Project for Enhancing the Capacity of the Huehuetenango National Hospital on Maternal and Infant Health ('11-'16/ US$ 5.1 million)

 

-The Project for Increasing Access to and Safety of Potable Water in Huehuetenango Department, Guatemala ('11-'15/ US$ 1.09million)

Iraq

-The Project for the Development of Health Information on System in Iraq

('13-'15/ US$ 3 million)

-The Project for the Construction of a Water Supply System in Dohuk, Iraq

('11-'15/ US$ 3.8 million)      

Jordan

-The Project for the Establishment of Health Care Centers in Amman, Ajlun and Irbid, Implemented by the Korea International Cooperation Agency ('14-'16/ US$ 5.16 million)

Kazakhstan

-The Project for Strengthening the Emergency Medical Service System in East Kazakhstan ('14-'16/ US$ 1million)

Kenya

-The Project for the Improvement of Water Supply Systems in Chewele area, Bungoma country, Kenya ('14-'18/US$ 5 million)

 

Laos

-The Integrated Maternal, Neonatal and Child Healthcare with the Health Care Project on Pediatric Education Project (I HOPE Project) ('13-'17/ US$ 9.5 million)

 

-Strengthen a Capacity of Medical and Technical Personnel and Improve Quality of Services of 5 Mesa Hospital(Police Hospital) in Lao PDR ('14-'17/ US$ 8 million)

 

-The Project for Water Supply in XAY District, Oudomxay Province

('13-'15/ US$ 2.5 million)

Nepal

-The Project for Improvement in Mugu ('13-'18/ US$ 5 million)

 

-National Health Insurance Support Project, NHISP('13-'17/US$ 4.5million)

Palestinian

-The Project for the Establishment of the Palestinian National Rehabilitation Center

('13-'16/ US$ 5 million)

Papua New Guinea

-The Project for Strengthening the District Health System in Papua New Guinea

('10-'15/ US$ 5.5 million)

Paraguay

-The Project for Strengthening Capacity of Maternal-Infant Health Care of San Pablo Hospital in Asuncion ('13-'16/ US$ 6.88 million)

Peru

-Health Promotion Program in North Lima and Callao ('13-'17/ US$ 7.5 million)

 

-Establishment of the Chanchamayo Peru-Korea Maternal and Child Health Center(I - 4)

('13-'16/ US$ 2.5 million)

 

-Upgrade of the Pachacutec Peru-Korea Maternal and Child Health Center(I - 4) to Pachacutec Peru-Korea Hospital(Ⅱ- E) ('13-'16/ US$ 3.34 million)

 

-Improvement of the Laura Rodriguez Maternal and Child Health Center in Comas, Peru

('11-'16/ US$ 3.2 million)

 

-Establishment of the Dental Clinic of San Antonio ABAD National University of Cusco, Peru and Promotion and Health Care for the Most Vulnerable Populations in the Region

('10-'15/ US$ 2.9 million)

Philippines

-Integrated, Equity Focused Service Delivery for Accelerated Improvement of Maternal and Newborn Health ('15-'18/ US$ 3 million)

 

-The Iloilo Geographically Isolated and Disadvantaged Area(GIDA) Health System Strengthening Project ('13-'16/ US$ 7 million)

 

-The Project for Establishment of Interoperable Health Information System for CALABARZON ('14-'17/ US$ 5 million)

Senegal

-The 2nd Water Supply Project in Senegal ('15-'17/ US$ 5 million)

Solomon Islands

-The Project for Strengthening Maternal, Newborn and Child Health System in Solomon Islands ('15-'18/ US$ 6 million)

Sudan

- The Project for Combating Schistosomiasis in Sudan('15-'18/ US$ 6 million)

Tanzania

-The Project for Improvement of Healthcare services for Mothers and Newborns in Chanika and surrounding areas ('14-'18/ US$ 4 million)

Uzbekistan

-The Project for Capacity Building of  Uzbekistan Pediatric Hospital's Medical Personnel ('15-'19/ US$ 7 million)

Vietnam

-Q-Health Project in Vietnam ('15-'18/ US$ 4 million)

-The Project for Capacity Building for E-Health in Vietnam ('15-'18/ US$ 13 million)