Chounghoon Lee(Intern Journalist), Ran Ro(Public Relations Officer)
A Disease that Has Ruined the Most Numerous Lives in the Human History
Tuberculosis is a dreadful infectious disease that took away millions of lives. Nowadays, tuberculosis is not lethal anymore, rather it is known as the disease for developing countries. Nonetheless, according to the 2015 data from the World Health Organization, more than 10 million people were diagnosed with tuberculosis, and 1.8 million people died from it. Among the OECD countries, South Korea has the highest attack and death rates. Tuberculosis has been forgotten but not yet ceased to bother people’s lives.
In order to attract people’s attention in tuberculosis, the international community designated 24th of March as the ‘World Tuberculosis Day’. It is when a German bacteriologist ‘Robert Koch’ discovered tuberculosis germs for the first time in 1882. From 1982 to 2010, the Korean National Tuberculosis Association had celebrated the day internally. Then, since 2011, the Korean government has been leading the celebration.
KOICA and Zero TB World Offering Onestop Service for Fiji Residents
The contagiousness disappears as long as one takes medicine for about two weeks. However, people in developing countries do not realize their conditions and spread the disease to neighbors. To solve this problem, KOICA and Zero TB World implemented ‘TB Management Capacity Building’ programs in Fiji since 2015. They provided onestop service from TB diagnosis to injection or prescription of medicine to Fiji residents. Above all, KOICA provided training sessions to local doctors and staffs to make them be prepared for managing TB by themselves.
TB Day Advertising Booth in Fiji
The end of TB has been settled as one of goals in SDGs from the UN. The WHO then decided to have 90% reduction in death rate and 80% reduction in attack rate in TB by 2030. KOICA will keep taking initiatives for the same goal by implementing numerous businesses.