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old_Africa
Overview
Africa is home to 53 countries that have different languages and which are at varying stages of economic and social development. Of these, 33 are classified as LDCs. A full 50% of the population was living on a daily average of less than USD 1.25 in 2009. The average life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa was only 52.1 years. The infant mortality rate there was 86.1 per 1,000 newborn babies, and 5% of the population aged 15 to 49 was infected with HIV. The international community expects it will be difficult for most of Africa except for some North African countries to cut the population in absolute poverty in half by 2015. It is believed that economic growth must be at least two times higher to achieve the MDGs.

In granting aid to countries in Africa, KOICA considers each country’s level of economic development and needs. It focuses on achieving the MDGs by providing assistance for health and medical services, education, and rural development in sub-Saharan countries and responding to climate change and improving governance in North Africa. Assistance is specially enhanced for LDCs.

The second South Korea-Africa Forum was held in 2009, and the basic plan for development cooperation with Africa for 2009-2012 was announced. The plan calls for doubling assistance for Africa by 2012 compared to 2008. KOICA plans to invite 5,000 trainees from Africa through 2012, join World Friends Korea’s dispatch of 1,000 overseas volunteers, and greatly expand cooperation projects. It is also improving assistance for green growth in Africa with the Korea-Africa Green Growth Initiative 2009-2012.

KOICA plans to operate KOICA overseas offices in fifteen African countries as of 2010 and increase the staffing in step with the expansion in cooperation projects with Africa.
 
Performance in 2009
Assistance for Africa in 2009 totaled KRW 68 billion (USD 53.31 million) and accounted for 19.1% of the total cooperation project spending. This assistance represented an increase of 12% over 2008 in terms of Korean won, following an increase of 150% over 2007. It was provided to 43 countries including Tanzania, Egypt, Kenya,and Senegal. The relatively small increase in 2009 was due to the very large increases in the previous years after the announcement by the Korean government in March 2006 of the Korean Initiative for African Development. Tanzania received KRW 10.2 billion, 15% of the total amount of KOICA’s assistance for Africa, followed by Egypt, Kenya, and Senegal.  
Top 5 African Partner Countries (Unit : US$ in thousands)

Rank

Country

Amount

Percentage(%)

Of KOICA’s total
budget

Of KOICA's budget for the region

1

 Tanzania

 8.016

 2.9

 15

2

 Egypt

 5.686

 2

 10.7

3

 Kenya

 5.51

 2

 10.3

4

 Senegal

 5.412

 1.9

 10.2

5

 Ethiopia

 4.864

 1.7

 9.1

Total

 29.469

 10.6

 55.3

 
Assistance by Sectoral Priority in Africa(USD in million)

Sectoral Priority

Amount

Percentage(%)

Education

16.114

30.2

Health

10.841

20.3

Governance

3.218

6

Rural Development

9.524

17.9

Information& Communication Technology

5.157

9.7

Industry & Energy

3.533

6.6

Environment & Others

3.981

7.5

Disaster Relief

0.937

1.8

Total

53.306

100

 
Sector Share of ODA Africa