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Overview

Asia has made outstanding strides in poverty reduction thanks to its high economic growth, but two-thirds of the world's poor still reside in this region. KOICA increased assistance in 2009 for LDCs in Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and Southwest Asia, which have the highest populatioin line in the world. The focus of assistance was maintained on Asia in consideration of Korea's close relationship in all the areas including economy, diplomacy, and culture.

Thirty-three out of 49 LDCs of the world are located in Africa, and 41.1% of the population in sub-Sagaran Africa live in absolute poverty, characterized by on more than USD 1 a day. In 2009, KOICA continued to expand assistance for Africa in the basic spirit of the Initiative for Africa LDCs like Ethiopia, Tanzania, Senegal, Angola, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the focus was on health, education, and rural development in consideration of Africa being the slowest to achieve the MDGs. Assistance was encouraged through multilateral organizations with rich experience in the region.

Income levels in Latin America are generally higher than those of Africa or Asia, but the level of development and of progress I achieving the MDGs varies markedly throughout the region. KOICA's cooperation partner countries in Latin America are classified as LMICs or better, but one-fourth of their population is still mired in poverty living on less than USD 2. The focus of assistance in 2009 was on building capacity while gradually decreasing assistance for UMICs where the distribution of resources is relatively smooth within the country.

The economic and social backgrounds of Middle Eastern countries are extremely varied, and they are at very different of development. While the oil-producing countries have long had advanced infrastructures, LDCs like Yemen saw no advancement in any MDG area over the last five years. It has a poverty rate of 35%. The focus of assistance for these countries was to improve the quality of life by providing basic education and health services and to strengthen the governments' capabilities to maintain order to resolve social unrest and establish development policies in troubled countries.

In Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, etc. have grown rapidly since 2000 as they are rich in natural resources. However, they are at very different urban and rural areas is widening. Most of the countries achieved their MDG goals in terms of universal primary education and gender equality in education thanks to the overall economic growth, but further progress is needed with respect to reduction in maternal and child mortality and sustainability of the environment.

Projects with multilateral organizations were for expanding assistance for cross-cutting issues like food security, climate change, and gender equality; strengthening KOICA's capacity through cooperation with advanced donor organizations; and supplementing the bilateral projects in terms of scope and size. Focus was on multi-bi projects (bilateral assistance through international organizations) where direct participation is possible to further strengthen KOICA's assistance capabilities.
 
Performance in 2009

KOICA provided USD 111.66 million (KRW 142.2 billion) in assistance, 40% of its total spending, to 28 countries in Asia (21 Asian and 7 Oceanic countries). This represents as 2.2% increase from USD 109.3 million in 2008. The number of recipient countries decreased from 29 in 2008 but the average amount of aid to each country increased by 5.8%. By country, Afghanistan received the largest amount (USD 23.88 million) followed by Vietnam, Indonesia, Mongolia, and the Philippines. The total amount of aid to the top five recipient countries in Asia accounted for some 26.9%of KOICA's total project spending, or 67.3% of the total spending for Asia. This was the result of the heavier application of  the selection and focus strategy compared to the previous year. Assistance was provided for various areas, including health, education, rural development, and ICT.
 

Top 5 Asian partner countries (USD in Million)

Rank

Country

Amount

Percentage(%)

Of KOICA’s total
budet

Of KOICA's budget for the region

1

 Afghanistan

 23.876

21.4

12.0

2

 Vietnam

 18.269

 16.4

 10.6

3

 Indonesia

 13.258

 11.9

 9.1

4

 Mongolia

 9.918

 8.9

 8.8

5

 Philippines

 9.827

 8.8

 8.7

Total

75.149

67.3

48.2

 
Assistance by Sectoral priority in Asia (USD in Million)

Sector

Amount

Percentage(%)

Education

17.979

16.1

Health

30.232

27.1

Governance

13.908

12.5

Rural Development

15.369

13.8

Information& Communication Technology

13.033

11.7

Industry & Energy

10.267

9.2

Environment & Others

8.537

7.6

Disaster Relief

2.337

2.1

Total

111.663

100