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Overview
Eastern Europe and the CIS(the Commonwealth of Independent States), which together consist of 28 nations, are home to some 440 million people, whose average life expectancy is 69 years. The average per capita GNI amounts to USD 3,258, while five percent of the population in the region live on less than one dollar a day.

The transition countries which were part of the former Soviet Union continue to move away from socialist economies to democracy and market economies. In this transition period, although poverty issues have been raised, most of the countries rapidly improved themselves through economic growth. Personal income levels have risen rapidly from 2004, and even doubled between 2004 and 2007. However, after 2009 World Financial Crisis, with increasing unemployment rate, income gaps between the rich and the poor have widened. Gaps between urban and rural areas within countries are also widening.

As for the MDG targets in the Eastern Europe and the CIS regions, universal primary education targets are set to be achieved in most of the countries. Targets in relation to equal education opportunities being offered to both genders are close to being achieved or have already been achieved. In most countries, especially the CIS countries, child mortality rates are lower than the international average, and thus the MDG targets in this area are expected to be achieved.

In the Eastern Europe and the CIS regions, cases of HIV/AIDS have doubled in the 15-49 age group from 2001 to 2007. Access to safe drinking water has been improved, but inadequate investments related to water infrastructures are becoming a big issue.

Although KOICA’s aid levels to Eastern European and CIS countries have fluctuated since 1991, they show an upward trend. From 1991 to 2009, KOICA had supported 109 million which covers 6% of the whole bilateral supports. As for priority sector, the most widely supported area was Governance sector(22.7%) which aims for smooth transition toward capital economy, and ICT sector(18.7%) for improving access to the information, and then Health sector(13.3%). The on-going projects in 2011 in this region is 44 projects along with 14 national invitation training programme.
 
ToTal Aid Flows to Eastern Europe and the CIS(1991-2009)
Performance in 2009
KOICA supported 14 Eastern European and CIS countries with 6.8% of its total aid budget or USD 18.2 million, more than a twofold budget increase from the USD 7.5 million in 2007. Uzbekistan was the prime partner with USD 6.7 million, followed by Kazakhstan and Ukraine. The top five partner countries received 96.2% of aid allocated to the region. As for priority sectors, 49.9% of aid was disbursed to the ICT sector, followed by education, governance. 
Top 5 Partner Countries in the Eastern Europe & CIS (USD in million)

Rank

Country

Amount

Percentage(%)

Of KOICA’s total
budget

Of KOICA's budget for the region

1

Uzbekistan

6.783

2.4

35.8

2

Kazakhstan

5.374

1.9

28.4

3

Ukraine

2.896

1

 15.3

4

Serbia

1.578

0.6

8.4

5

Azerbaijan

1.578

0.6

 8.3

Total

18.218

6.5

96.2

 
Assistance by Sectoral Priority in the Eastern Europe & CIS (USD in million)

Sectoral Priority

Amount

Percentage(%)

Education

 2.928

 15.5

Health

 0.831

 4.4

Governance

 2.445

12.9

Rural Development

 0.196

 1

Information& Communication Technology

 9.445

49.9

Industry& Energy

 1.933

 10.2

Environment & Others

 1.108

5.8

 Disaster Relief & Reconstruction

 0.051

 0.3

Total

 18.936

 100

 
Sector Share of ODA Eastern Europe and the CIS