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Middle East/Central Asia

KOICA’s Presence in the Middle East and Central Asia 

As regions with abundant natural resources, the Middle East and Central Asia are important development partners of Korea from the perspectives of energy and resource diplomacy. KOICA is sharing its reconstruction as well as economic development experiences with countries in the regions. In particular, KOICA is making sustained efforts in peace building, national rebuilding and policy capacity improvement for fragile states and countries affected by conflicts such as Iraq and Palestine. KOICA is focusing on human resources development, economic reform and open economy policy to assist economic development. 

Total Amount: 30.6 (USD in million)

Region

2013(A)

2014(B)

(B-A)

 

%

Middle East & Central Asia

32

30.6

△1.4

△4.5

 

Major Development Challenges  

(1) Middle East countries

- Serious income disparities

- High rates of unemployment

- Gender Discrimination

- Political Instability

- Slow integration into the global economy.

 

(2) Central Asia

- Increasing unemployment rate

- Increasing income gaps between the rich and the poor

- Widening gaps between urban and rural areas

 

The MDG targets  

(1) Middle East

- Life Expectancy

- Infant Mortality

- Universal primary education 

Due to an increasing number of people living on less than two dollars a day, sustained assistance is needed to reduce poverty in the region. Efforts are also needed to achieve targets related to the provision of safe drinking water and sanitary facilities by the year 2015.
 

(2) Central Asia

- University Primary Education

- Child Mortality 

Universal primary education targets are set to be achieved in most of the countries. Targets in relation to equal education opportunities being offered to both genders are close to being achieved or have already been achieved.

 

Major Performances  

(1) School and Youth Center Establishment Project in Hebron, Palestine

(2009~2011 / $6 million) 

As a country with a long history of conflict and war, Palestine is in a desperate need for human resources development. KOICA launched a 2-year construction project to build a school and youth center in Hebron in 2009, which opened their doors to public in 2012. Since the completion, the enrollment rate steadily climbed upward, expanding opportunities for young people to benefit from education. In addition, the youth center plays a role as a cultural hub in which many Palestinians can experience various cultural and educational programs (Parenthood and adolescent education programs). These programs create synergy and contribute to the development of local community. 

(2) Project for Establishing a Vocational Training Center in Tashkent, Uzbekistan

(2007~2011 / $4 million) 

KOICA implemented a project to build a vocational training center that can provide practical education. In carrying out the project, KOICA also targeted ordinary people as well as underprivileged people as beneficiaries to reach adolescents and the unemployed who otherwise may not receive many opportunities for technical education. Since opening its door, the Tashkent vocational training center has made substantial achievements in raising trainees’ employment prospects and income. The center’s focus on practical education made the graduates competitive workforce who meets demands from industrial sectors.

As a result, the employability and income of graduates rose by 95% and 77% respectively.

By creating huge economic impacts through contributions to employment and income in

Tashkent, the vocational center is being recognized as an exemplary model of vocational training. 

 

Total Amount of Assistance in Top 5 Middle East and Central Asian partner countries (USD in million) 

Rank

country

Amount

Percentage(%)

Of KOICA’s total budget

Of KOICA’s budget for the region

1

Iraq

9

1.9

39.9

2

Uzbekistan

6

1.3

26.5

3

Palestine

3.5

0.7

15.3

4

Jordan

2

0.4

9.2

5

Azerbaijan

2

0.4

9.1

Total

22.5

4.7

100

 

Assistance by Sector priority in Middle East and Central Asia (USD in million)

Middle East & CIS countries (2013)

Sector

Amount(USD million)

Percentage(%)

Education

14.2

44.6

Public Administration

4.2

13.4

Health

2.9

9.3

Industry & Energy

2.7

8.7

Rural Development

2.6

8.3

Others

5

15.7

Total

31.6

100