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old_Multilateral Cooperation
Overview

Multilateral systems provide the best prospects for an inclusive process to set the "rules for international conduct" and a forum to promote values important to Korea, including democracy, human development and social justice. To promote aid effectiveness and harmonize with the international community, KOICA is continuing to strengthen its network with multilateral organization through contributions, joint programs, joint evaluation of projects, and joint training courses. By collaborating with multilateral organizations, so called 'multi-bi assistance', KOICA expects to diversify ODA delivery channels. Grant aid represents over 60% of multilateral assistance.

Between 1991 and 2006, KOICA cooperated with 55 multilateral and international organizations with a total budget of US$ 29.545 million, accounting for 2.4% of KOICA's total grant aid. During the same period, the top ten international organizations such as UNHCR, UNESCAP, UNICEF, UNDP, WFP, etc. that received KOICA’s aid took US$ 19.1 million or 64.5% of the total budget for multilateral cooperation.

In 2006, the proportion of aid delivered through multilateral cooperation dropped to 0.63%, but this type of cooperation is expected to grow from 2007, since KOICA is increasing support to the African region through international organizations and endeavoring to secure additional aid delivery channels and increase the visibility of its assistance and improve aid effectiveness
 
Top 10 multilateral partnerships from 1991 to 2006 (Unit: US$ in Thousands)

Rank

Organization

Period

Amount

Individual Assistance /
Total Multilateral Cooperation

1 MRC 1993~2001

2,783

9.42

2 UNHCR 1994~1995, 2001

2,259

7.64
3 ESCAP 1991~1993,1996, 1998,2002~2005

2,168

7.34
4 UNICEF 2001~2002, 2005

2,036

6.89
5 AIT 1991~2005

1,915

6.48
6 WHO 1998~2001, 2005

1,914

6.48
7 WFP 2001, 2003, 2005

1,700

5.75
8 CP 1992~1994,1996~1999, 2001,2003~2005

1,686

5.71
9 UNDP 1995~1999, 2001, 2005

1,468

4.97
10 UNESCO 1991, 1993~1996, 1999

1,171

3.96

Total*

19,100

64.64

Note 1) Source : KOICA’s statistics website
 
 
Performance in 2006
In 2006, a total of US$ 1.22 million was directed to 14 international organizations. The Africa Union(AU) received the largest portion, followed by the Colombo Plan(CP), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), and the International Tribunal for the law of the Sea(ITLOS).
 
Assistance to the top 5 multilateral organizations
 
Sectors of assistance in 2006