Climate change has an extensive impact on people’s lives because it affects the quality and quantity of water, habitats, forests, health, agricultural land, and coastal ecosystems.
As an archipelagic country, Indonesia is prone to the impact of climate change. Indonesia has taken some actions to tackle environmental and climate issues at the national and international levels. According to the European Commission’s JRC Science for Policy Report titled “CO2 emissions of all world countries”, Indonesia is acknowledged as a country that has successfully reduced its emissions in 2021 compared to 2019. Indonesia had lower emissions during the global pandemic and has successfully managed to prevent any substantial haze-causing fires over the three years of the pandemic (2020-2022).
Indonesia is committed to supporting collective efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) target on climate change. One of the implementations of the commitment is through the provision of grants, which includes technical assistance or capacity building.
In 2023, Indonesian AID will provide grants on capacity building for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation for the member countries of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Central American Integration System (SICA). This capacity building is conducted by a State Technology Institute based on Indonesia’s experience dealing with disaster and climate change. Indonesian AID will also provide grants for fisheries training for several countries in the Pacific region as an effort to increase capacity in fisheries management, which is expected to be a part of climate change effect reduction on fisheries. Meanwhile, as part of the reduction of the use of fossil energy, Indonesian AID, with other stakeholders in Indonesia, is planning to introduce the use of renewable energy to other regions, such as the Pacific and Africa regions. This introduction is based on Indonesian experience and will be conducted in the form of capacity building and the development of renewable energy infrastructures such as solar power and micro hydropower.
In addition, as part of creating an environmental life, Indonesian AID, in preparing and designing a project, especially related to an infrastructure project, will consider the application of ecological environment in project design. For example, in preparing an education infrastructure project in one targeted beneficiary country, Indonesian AID planning team put several input in creating ecological environment infrastructure that will maximize the use of eco friendly architecture and reduce the impact to environment that will contribute to reduce effect of climate change. Indonesian AID is also preparing a waste management project which will support the recipient in appropriately managing the produced waste so that the recipient could contribute to creating an environmental life around its people. These projects that Indonesian AID prepares and will implement in 2023 will be the effort and contribution from Indonesian AID for climate change mitigation and creating environmental life. If these projects can be successfully completed in 2023, the design and lessons learned from the projects will be implemented in other projects designed and planned by Indonesian AID.